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This report is on the Status of and Prospects for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in SADC. The report outlines the progress made by SADC countries in implementing the MDGs five years after they were adopted. The report results from a consultation amongst SADC member States on the status of and prospects for achieving MDGs in preparation to the African Common position on the matters.
Section 2 of the report is an overview of the status of MDGs in SADC, based on statistical data on the different indicators pertaining to the MDGs. The section attempts to give account of the status of the MDGs across the SADC region as well as the total or average situation in SADC.
The third section is on the challenges for achieving the MDGs in the region. It shows that SADC countries face daunting challenges in achieving the MDGs by 2015. The HIV/AIDS scourge is the most severe development challenge to the realization of the MDGs in the region contributing to the deterioration in the human development over the past few years. Apart from the HIV/AIDS pandemic, the other challenges which hinder the achievement of MDGs include high poverty levels and income inequalities, persistent food shortages, environmental degradation, as well as institutional, policy and resource constraints.
The fourth section analyses the prospects for achieving the MDGs in SADC. It concludes that the SADC region faces uneven prospects of achieving the MDGs. Significant policy reforms both at national and international levels are recommended to help accelerate the progress for achieving the MDGs. These include institutional capacity building, domestication of the MGDs into country long-term development strategies, effectiveness and transparency in the management of natural resources through good governance and partnership-building with all the stakeholders. At the international level a fair international trading system, a deep and broad debt relief programme which include the cancellation of external debt of the highly indebted poor SADC countries and finance new commitments through grants, are needed.
Finally the Report concludes that meeting the MDGs will be a daunting task for most of the SADC countries and the donor community. However, the goals are both affordable and achievable.
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Postado a proposito, entre outras, destas materias: [A], [B], [C]